Many patients suffer from acne vulgaris for years, a condition that usually starts around puberty and persists even into one’s 50s. Adult acne lesions are the number one skin condition warranting visits to a dermatologist’s office, and a 2012 study published in the Journal of Women’s Health found that acne affects nearly half of all women ages 21 to 30, a quarter of women ages 31 to 40, and 12% of women ages 41 to 50.
Pimples usually form from pores, which contain oil glands, and become blocked, letting dirt, bacteria, and cells build up and form a plug.
Some of the Causes of Acne Vulgaris
Factors such as hormones (androgens), diet, stress, and age, all play an important role in acne formation. For most women, hormonal changes, either around the monthly cycle or during a menopausal shift, are the main culprit of adult acne. But dietary imbalances and stress also cause flare-ups. Adult Acne in adults is often a sign that something else not quite right is going on.
Eating chocolate or a lot of junk food doesn’t by itself seem to cause acne vulgaris, but not having a balanced diet and eating too many refined carbs can cause problems, experts report.
Some Of The Most Effective Dermatology Acne Treatment Options
A dermatologist will first evaluate several factors to assess the exact cause of acne vulgaris, which usually stems from sebaceous glands which produce an oily substance called sebum.
These glands tend to get clogged resulting in comedones or pimples, which are usually seen on face region, as well as on other body parts like the buttocks, back etc..
This helps the dermatologist recommend the most effective dermatology solutions for eradicating acne from the roots. Many women also develop adult acne due to a condition called Polycystic ovarian syndrome or PCOS.
Many acne sufferers have tried hundreds of thousands of solutions as well as over-the-counter products without results. This is why early and effective dermatological acne treatment is of utmost importance.
- Topical treatments: Benzoyl peroxide, salicylic acid or Retinol based products are best topical products for treating adult acne.
- Systemic treatments: In the event that topical dermatological solutions do not show improvement in the condition, a dermatologist might recommend systemic antibiotics like Erythromycin or Tetracycline.
- Hormonal preparations: This is most common among female adult acne sufferers, who might be put on hormonal dermatologist acne solutions, as these are known to give very good results.
- Isotretinoin: Isotretinoin is usually the last resort when all other dermatology acne treatment options seem to have failed. Isotretinoin is a vitamin-A derivative which provides highly targeted acne treatment by controlling clogged pores and sebaceous glands. It is an effective dermatological solution for adult acne and is considered as a last resort owing to its highly undesirable side effects. The side effects include birth defects, excessively dry skin, adverse reactions on the liver, depression as well as severe mood swings.
Solution For Acne Scarring
Acne on disappearing can give rise to darkish scars which are often permanent. The dark skin that is left behind after the acne vulgaris has healed is mainly due to the skin’s reaction to inflammation arising from the acne, and it is thus, a good idea to get the acne nipped in its bud by using effective dermatology options.
The acne scars usually fade, but most take at least 6-8 months for the scars to go away completely. Also, for sufferers with very fair skin, the redness might linger even after the acne scars have gone.
Benzoyl peroxide and Retinol products are often the most effective dermatological solutions for healing acne scars. While benzoyl actually bleaches the skin, Retinol peels the skin to reveal younger looking layers beneath.
For extreme cases of scarring from acne, one might consider dermatological solutions like laser treatment for permanent scar reduction, or other less invasive solutions like chemical peels or pinch grafts, both of which are proven remedies for residual acne scars.
Tips for Avoiding Acne Breakout
- A 2006 Harvard study found that girls who drank two or more glasses of milk daily had about a 20% higher risk of acne vulgaris than those who had less than a glass a week, and similar studies have also suggested that fat-free milk in particular, which is higher in sugar than whole milk, might be a culprit.
- Blue light therapy is powerful rays that penetrate follicles to kill off acne-causing bacteria. For severe cases, photodynamic therapy adds a topical solution called Levulan to blue light therapy.
- Tea tree oil has a long history of fighting mild to moderate acne outbreaks, and the oil, which comes from the leaves of a tree native to Australia, has antiseptic properties that help reduce acne-causing bacteria on the skin and quell inflammation in skin cells.
- Some experts suspect that sodium has consequences for skin because the iodine frequently found in table salt and some seafood may worsen acne vulgaris breakouts. It is recommended that you stick to low-sodium versions of packaged foods, try to keep your overall salt consumption on the low.
- Stress doesn’t create skin disease on its own, but it can make any existing issues worse, thus, managing stress through exercise, meditation, or whatever method helps calm your nerves, and may also calm your skin.