The number of women who will experience acne at some point during adulthood is rising, and it is unclear exactly why this is happening, however, it may be due to a combination of stress, dietary factors, changing hormones or seasonal acne.
People tend to think of acne as a problem for the young, and there’s a good reason for that, but acne occurs mostly after the teenage years and at significantly higher rates in women compared with men.
Experts have pointed out that as many as 50% of women will suffer from acne at some point in their adult lives, with more than half of women in their 20s and 35% of women in their 30s experiencing some form of acne.
How Is Adult Acne Different From Teen Acne?
The pattern of acne is usually different in adults than it is in teens. In teens, it usually appears on the forehead and cheeks, while in adults it tends to be mostly on the lower face, along with the jawline and neck.
Recent research suggests that many adult women experience acne all over their face, just like their underage counterparts. Acne in adults tends to come in the form of big angry bumps, while teens tend to see a mix of cystic bumps, as well as blackheads and whiteheads throughout the entire face.
The good news is that whatever parts of your face are having a little high-school reunion, your body is probably in the clear. Oil glands on the chest and back typically become less active with age, so if you’re still suffering from a bumpy chest or acne, a change of wardrobe may be in order.
How to Prevent Acne
While hormonal fluctuation in women might make them more prone to breakouts than men, it also gives them a few extra options for treatment. Spironolactone Oral-contraceptive pills and a medicine are particularly useful in adult women and are unique to this population as they cannot be used in males.
There are currently four recommended birth control pills for acne, as well as a drug called Spironolactone, which helps to block hormones from stimulating the oil glands. This is a reliable medication, though if you’re thinking about starting a family, you definitely need to opt for a different treatment, as it’s been known to cause birth defects in women of child-bearing age that aren’t also on birth control.
Some Causes of Acne in Adults
Medicine isn’t the only thing you put in your mouth that could be affecting your acne. researchers have found that surplus insulin from foods with a high glycemic index, like packaged foods as well as pasta, bread, and rice, may play a role in the effects of androgens (like oil-encouraging testosterone) on acne.
Meanwhile, foods that are heavy in hormones, like dairy products, are often at the top of the list of things dermatologists recommend cutting out for clearer skin. Milk naturally contains a great number of hormones (there is no such thing as hormone-free milk.) Acne patients are advised to cut down on dairy and eliminate straight-up milk altogether.
Stress leads to increased cortisol levels. Like testosterone, cortisol is a hormone that can heighten oiliness as well as inflammation. Not a good combo when you want to avoid being red in the face with acne.
Normally, our bodies produced cortisol only when we were in danger, but nowadays, it’s much more likely to flood our system in response to a looming deadline than in response to a predator in the underbrush.
So when your acne starts breaking out, take a minute to figure out whether there’s stressing you, then unload all of that skin-wrecking stress.
Remedies and Tips for Prevention of Seasonal Acne
The treatment of seasonal acne depends on its severity. The following tips can help:
- Wash the skin well. This is especially true in summers when we sweat extremely, and we should try to avoid alcohol-based cleansers which tend to aggravate sebum production.
- Avoid excess sun exposure in summer periods, Use a good sunscreen, and reapply the sunscreen every 2-3 hours. Also, cover up with a scarf or hat and avoid going outside in peak sunny hours.
- Drink plenty of water to keep the skin clear, and Pay attention to what you eat.
- Use a mild cleanser to wash the skin in winter, and avoid heavy moisturizing lotions and creams which clog pores.
- Picking at the acne scabs is advised against, as it could lead to scarring. Germs from the hands can also cause further breakouts.
- When wearing makeup, avoid oil-based foundations which clog pores.
- It’s vital to avoid deep fried foods, sugary preservative-laden foods, and refined flour. Eating of fruits and vegetables are advised all year round.